Monday, February 1, 2016

Draft Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015 released - PRSIndia

Ministry of Social Justice and
Empowerment released the draft Rights of
Transgender Persons Bill, 2015 in January

 The draft Bill seeks to ensure overall
development and welfare of transgender persons.
A transgender person is defined as a person whose gender does not match with the gender assigned to them at birth, irrespective of whether they have undergone sex reassignment surgery or hormone therapy, etc.

Key provisions of the draft Bill include:
 Certificate of identity: A certificate
indicating that a person is a transgender
person will be issued by a state level
authority, on the recommendation of a
district screening committee (comprising
District Magistrate, psychologist,
psychiatrist, representatives of the
transgender community, etc.). The
certificate may be used to indicate gender on official documents, like ration card and
Aadhaar card. Transgender persons will
have the option to identify as ‘man’,
‘woman’ or ‘transgender’ in all such cases.
 Rights of transgenders and duties of
government: The central and state
governments must take steps to ensure that
transgender persons enjoy right to equality,
Land protection from discrimination. The
government must also ensure that
transgender persons have accommodation,
protection from torture, etc.
 Health: The central and state governments must take steps to provide health facilities to transgender persons including separate HIV  surveillance centres, free of cost sex
reassignment surgeries, etc.
 Education: Educational institutions funded or recognised by the government will have to admit transgender students without discrimination, provide accommodation and necessary support.
 Employment: Public or private
establishments (including companies,
unions, factories, etc.) will be prohibited
from discriminating against transgender
persons in matters related to employment
including recruitment and promotion.
Further, transgender persons may be
declared a Backward Class so that they can
be entitled to reservation under the ‘Other
Backward Class’ category.
A private member Bill related to rights of
transgender persons was passed by Rajya Sabha in April 2015, and is currently pending in Parliament.

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