Monday, September 15, 2008

Coastal Management Zone (CMZ) Notification, 2008

The Government of India proposes to bring into force a new framework for managing and regulating activities in the coastal and marine areas for conserving and protecting the coastal resources and coastal environment; and for ensuring protection of coastal population and structures from risk of inundation due tonatural hazards; and for ensuring that the livelihoods of coastal populations are strengthened; by superseding the said Coastal Regulation Zone, Notification, 1991. The Central Government proposes to issue a notification to be known as the Coastal Management Zone (CMZ) Notification, 2008, for the information of the public likely to be affected.

Fisherfolks across India's 7,500 km long coastline are up in arms against the draft Coastal Zone Management Notification. The coastal communities say the notification does not acknowledge their traditional rights and can damage the coasts and the people. The draft, prepared by the Union ministry of environment and forests (MOEF), will soon be forwarded to the prime minister for his approval. 

The 2007 draft will replace the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification, 1991. On July 19, 2004, MOEF had constituted a 13-member panel under agriculture scientist M S Swaminathan to review the 1991 notification. The committee submitted its report in February 2005, paving the way for the new draft. The draft categorises coastal areas into four management zones-CMZ-I, CMZ-II,CMZ-III and CMZ-IV.

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